Some Variation is always inherent to our job and this is acceptable to some extent so far as the variation is within the Tolerance. However, the Variation tends to increase over a period of time. We need to measure and monitor our job to see that the variation is well within the normal expectations. If we donot make an effort to do so, we land up in trouble and the consequences add to the costs.
Even though it is always desirable to Measure the output of a process, it becomes necessary to measure the output of the process or operation to know when the trouble is brewing.
The measurements can be on the characteristics of the output. It can be the Continuous Variables dimensions, or attribute Variables like colour, shape, finish etc.
After collecting the information as described above, we must analyse to see if things are OK. When we check the output of the feature, we will quickly notice a Feature. This feature noticed is the basis of third principle of Statistical Process control – Things Vary according to a definite pattern